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Dodge
 

Dodge is a brand name of automobiles and light to heavy-duty trucks, marketed by the German-American-based DaimlerChrysler AG from 1928 to the present. From 1914 to 1927, the company was named Dodge Brothers Motor Vehicle Company. In 1998, Dodge along with all other Chrysler subsidaries, was purchased by Daimler-Benz.

Contents

History

In 1901 John Francis Dodge and Horace Elgin Dodge moved their Dodge Brothers Bicycle & Machine Factory to Detroit, Michigan. Their bearings and other parts were in demand with the early automobile industry, and they helped design motor parts for early Oldsmobiles.

 
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1917 Dodge Brothers Touring car

In 1902 the Dodge Brothers were approached by Henry Ford, who was looking for help in financing his own automobile company. Dodge Brothers helped finance the start of the Ford Motor Company as well as manufacturing parts for early Fords, to Ford and the Dodge Brothers mutual financial benefit.

In 1914 the Dodge Brothers started their own auto company, which they named the Dodge Brothers Motor Vehicle Company. Early models had some similarities to the Ford Model T, but with such refinements as electric rather than crank start, as were becoming popular with the middle class. The new Dodge cars were a commercial success.

In 1917 Dodge Brothers began building motor trucks as well, at first for use by the United States Army during World War I, then commercially after the war's end.

 
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Dodge Brothers 4-Door Sedan, from a 1920 magazine advertisement

In 1925 the Dodge Brothers Company was purchased by Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million, said to be the largest cash transaction in history up to that time. Dillon Read in turn sold Dodge to the Chrysler Corporation on July 31, 1928.

Following Chrysler's takeover of the British Rootes Group and Simca of France, and the resultant establishment of Chrysler Europe in the late 1960s, the Dodge brand was used on light commercial vehicles previosuly branded Commer (a Rootes subsidiary) and on pick-up and van versions of the Simca 1100. The most common of these was the Dodge 50 series, widely used by utility companies and the military, but rarely seen outside the UK. Following Chrysler Europe's collapse in 1977, the Dodge factory and some rights to use the Dodge name in Europe were purchased by Renault, who gradually re-branded the range of vans and trucks through the 1980s, eventually dropping the name altogether and using the factory for engine production.

Dodge is now part of the DaimlerChrysler company. As of 2005, the Dodge brand has become known primarily for its trucks, which account for 78% of the division's sales. Dodge is attempting to change this with the introduction of the new Dodge Charger.

The Dodge marque will also be promoted in Europe. Currently, the Viper is the only Dodge-branded vehicle in that market, but DaimlerChrysler will begin to heavily advertise the brand's Caliber and Nitro models with a masculine image.
 

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United States model lineup

  • Dodge 400 (1982 - 1983)
  • Dodge 600 (1983 - 1988)
  • Dodge Aries (1981 - 1989)
  • Dodge Aspen (1976 - 1980)
  • Dodge Avenger (1995 - 2000)
  • Dodge B100
  • Dodge B200
  • Dodge B300
  • Dodge Caliber (2007 - Current)
  • Dodge Caravan (1984 - Current)
  • Dodge Challenger (1970 - 1974, 1978 - 1983, 2nd generation was a rebadged Mitsubishi Galant)
  • Dodge Charger (1966 - 1978, 1983 - 1987, 2006 - Current)
  • Dodge Charger Daytona (1969, 1977, 2006 - Current)
  • Dodge Colt (1971 - 1994, rebadged Mitsubishi Lancer/Mirage)
  • Dodge Conquest (1983 - 1986, rebadged Mitsubishi Starion)
  • Dodge Coronet (1955 - 1958, 1965 - 1976)
  • Dodge D100
  • Dodge Dakota (1987 - Current)
  • Dodge Dart (1960 - 1976)
  • Dodge Daytona (1984 - 1993)
  • Dodge Diplomat (1977 - 1989)
  • Dodge Durango (1998 - Current)
  • Dodge Dynasty (1988 - 1993)
  • Dodge Grand Caravan (1987 - Current)
  • Dodge Intrepid (1993 - 2004)
  • Dodge Lancer (1961 - 1963, 1985 - 1989)
  • Dodge Magnum (1978 - 1979, 2005 - Current)
  • Dodge Mini Ram (1984 - 1990, commericial version of the Dodge Caravan)
  • Dodge Mirada (1980 - 1983)
  • Dodge Monaco (1965 - 1978, 1990 - 1992)
  • Dodge Neon (1995 - 2005)
  • Dodge Omni (1978 - 1990)
  • Dodge Phoenix
  • Dodge Polara (? - 1978)
  • Dodge Power Wagon (1945 - 1968, 1973)
  • Dodge Raider (1987 - 1989, rebadged Mitsubishi Montero)
  • Dodge Ram (1981 - Current)
  • Dodge Ram 50 (1979 - 1993, rebadged Mitsubishi Mighty Max)
  • Dodge Ram Van (1978 - 2003)
  • Dodge Ram Wagon (1978 - 2003)
  • Dodge Ramcharger (1974 - 1993)
  • Dodge Rampage (1982 - 1984)
  • Dodge Shadow (1987 - 1994)
  • Dodge Sierra
  • Dodge Spirit (1989 - 1995)
  • Dodge Sprinter (2001 - Current, rebadged Mercedes-Benz Sprinter)
  • Dodge SRT-4 (2003 - Current)
  • Dodge St. Regis (1979 - 1981)
  • Dodge Stealth (1991 - 1996, rebadged Mitsubishi 3000GT)
  • Dodge Stratus (1995 - Current)
  • Dodge Super Bee (1968 - 1971)
  • Dodge Town Panel
  • Dodge Town Wagon
  • Dodge Tradesman (1972 - 1977)
  • Dodge Viper (1992 - Current)
  • Dodge W150
  • Dodge W200


 

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Military trucks

T202 - 1/2 ton, 4x4 series truck (G-505)

  • Dodge VC-1
  • Dodge VC-2
  • Dodge VC-3
  • Dodge VC-4
  • Dodge VC-5
  • Dodge VC-6


 

T203 - 1/2 ton, 4x4 series truck

  • Dodge VF-401
  • Dodge VF-402
  • Dodge VF-403
  • Dodge VF-404
  • Dodge VF-405
  • Dodge VF-406
  • Dodge VF-407


 

T207 - 1/2 ton, 4x4 series truck (G-505)

  • Dodge WC-1
  • Dodge WC-3
  • Dodge WC-4
  • Dodge WC-5
  • Dodge WC-6
  • Dodge WC-7
  • Dodge WC-8
  • Dodge WC-9
  • Dodge WC-10
  • Dodge WC-11


 

T211 - 1/2 ton, 4x4 series truck (G-505)

  • Dodge WC-12
  • Dodge WC-13
  • Dodge WC-14
  • Dodge WC-15
  • Dodge WC-16
  • Dodge WC-17
  • Dodge WC-18
  • Dodge WC-19
  • Dodge WC-20


 

T214 - 3/4 ton, 4x4 series truck (G-502)

  • Dodge WC-51
  • Dodge WC-52
  • Dodge WC-53
  • Dodge WC-54
  • Dodge WC-55
  • Dodge WC-56
  • Dodge WC-57
  • Dodge WC-58
  • Dodge WC-59
  • Dodge WC-60
  • Dodge WC-61
  • Dodge WC-64


 

T215 - 1/2 ton, 4x4 series truck (G-505)

  • Dodge WC-21
  • Dodge WC-22
  • Dodge WC-23
  • Dodge WC-24
  • Dodge WC-25
  • Dodge WC-26
  • Dodge WC-27
  • Dodge WC-40
  • Dodge WC-41
  • Dodge WC-42
  • Dodge WC-43


 

T223 - 1 1/2 ton, 6x6 series truck

  • Dodge WC-62
  • Dodge WC-63


 

T236 - 3/4 ton, 4x4 series truck (Canadian built)

  • D3/4 APT


 

M-37 - 3/4 ton, 4x4 series truck (G-741)

  • Dodge M-37
  • Dodge M-42
  • Dodge M-43
  • Dodge XM-711B1


 

T137 - 1 ton, 4x4 series truck

  • Dodge M-601


 

M-880 - 1 1/4 ton, 4x4 series truck

  • Dodge M-880
  • Dodge M-881
  • Dodge M-882
  • Dodge M-883
  • Dodge M-884
  • Dodge M-885
  • Dodge M-886
  • Dodge M-888
  • Dodge M-890

4x2 variants:

  • Dodge M-891
  • Dodge M-892
  • Dodge M-893

Dodge concept vehicles

 
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The Dodge Copperhead concept
  • Dodge Avenger Concept
  • Dodge Challenger Concept
  • Dodge Copperhead
  • Dodge Kahuna
  • Dodge M80
  • Dodge MAXXcab
  • Dodge Power Box
  • Dodge Razor
  • Dodge Sidewinder
  • Dodge Sling Shot
  • Dodge Super 8 Hemi
  • Dodge Tomahawk (Concept motorcycle)


(Some of the concept cars created by Dodge were made scale models of by Hot Wheels. One of the concept cars, the Dodge Sling Shot, was even based off the Hot Wheels car, Sling Shot.)



External links